In 1521, Portugal took control, using Bahrain as a pearling post and military garrison.
This situation lasted until 1602, when the Persians wrested the country from the Portuguese.
“(These rituals) have been practiced in this country for hundreds of years and no one had dared to stop them or to transgress or infringe on them,” it added.
Signatories included top Shi‘ite cleric Ayatollah Sheikh Isa Qassim, Sheikh Abdullah Al-Ghuraifi and Sayed Jawad Al-Wada‘i. But residents reported clashes on Tuesday between young men and police who they said were trying to remove the banners from areas in the northern part of the kingdom.
Nineteen percent of the population is Asian, 10 percent is non-Bahraini Arab, and 8 percent is Irani. The population is growing rapidly with a high birthrate and a low death rate.
The vast majority are temporary workers and thus constitute a transient population.
Four-fifths of the population lives in cities, the majority in Manama which is the capital and the largest urban center.
In the late 1980s, when other countries in the area experienced economic difficulties, Bahrain maintained its prosperity thanks to earlier economic diversification.
In the 1990s, the country suffered from internal and external problems that began with a push for democratic reforms.